It is a common vitamin deficiency that causes issues with bones and muscle. This may happen because people do not receive enough vitamin D in the body. It is common around the age of 65, women with menopause and those with darker skin. It is preventable and treatable.
The importance of Vitamin D
It is an essential vitamin that the body uses for normal bone development and maintenance. It also plays a role in the body nervous system, musculoskeletal system and immune system.
The sources of Vitamin D
- Sun exposure
- Food resources (such as fish, milk, cheese, eggs and vegetables)
What are the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency ?
It is divided into children and adults
Children who have vitamin D deficiency
- stunted growth chart (bowed or bent bone)
- muscle weakness
- bone paint
- joints deformities
Adults who have vitamin D deficiency
How to Diagnose Vitamin D Deficiency ?
The physician will perform a blood test Vitamin D Total (25 OHD) to check the vitamin level in the body.
Treatment of Vitamin D Deficiency
In persons with vitamin D deficiency, treatment will be given oral ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) at 50,000 IU per week for 8 weeks.
If the symptoms improve, the maintenance dose for oral ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) 25,000-50,000 IU once monthly and also dietary and supplemental intakes.