Vitamin D Deficiency

It is a common vitamin deficiency that causes issues with bones and muscle. This may happen because people do not receive enough vitamin D in the body. It is common around the age of 65, women with menopause and those with darker skin. It is preventable and treatable. 

The importance of  Vitamin D 

It is an essential vitamin that the body uses for normal bone development and maintenance. It also plays a role in the body nervous system, musculoskeletal system and immune system. 

The sources of Vitamin D 

  1. Sun exposure 
  2. Food resources (such as fish, milk, cheese, eggs and vegetables) 
  3. Supplements 

What are the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency ? 

It is divided into children and adults 

Children who have vitamin D deficiency 

  • stunted growth chart (bowed or bent bone) 
  • muscle weakness 
  • bone paint 
  • joints deformities 

Adults who have vitamin D deficiency 

-easily fatigue 

-muscle cramps 

-mood swing 

-bone pain 

How to Diagnose Vitamin D Deficiency ? 

The physician will perform a blood test Vitamin D Total (25 OHD) to check the vitamin level in the body. 

Treatment of Vitamin D Deficiency 

In persons with vitamin D deficiency, treatment will be given oral ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) at 50,000 IU per week for 8 weeks. 

If the symptoms improve, the maintenance dose for oral ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) 25,000-50,000 IU once monthly and also dietary and supplemental intakes.

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